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Ritt, Nikolaus, & Kazmierski, Kamil. 2015. "How rarities like gold have come to exist: on co-evolutionary interactions between morphology and lexical phonotactics"English Language and Linguistics.



Hofmann, Klaus. 2014. "Review of Kopaczyk, Joanna. 2013. The legal language of Scottish burghs. Standardization and lexical bundles (1380–1560). Oxford: Oxford University Press" Folia Linguistica Historica, vol 35, pp. 381-389.

Ritt, Nikolaus; Smith, Kenny & Fehér, Olga. 2014. "Eliminating the unpredictable linguistic variation through interaction." In Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society

Zehentner, Eva. 2014. "From phrase to clause(-like): On the development of present participle and verbal noun in Middle Scots." VIEW[Z] : Vienna English working papers.



Baumann, Andreas & Ritt, Nikolaus. 2012. "Transferring mathematics to English Studies". In: Markus, Manfred and Herbert Schendl (eds.). Transfer in English Studies. Wien: Braumüller.

Illés, Theresa-Susanna. 2012. "Mutational Patterns in the Teaching of Irish as a Foreign Language at the University of Vienna". In: Huber, Werner, Sandra Mayer and Julia Novak (eds.). Ireland in/and Europe.Cross-currents and exchanges. (Irish Studies in Europe, 4). Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier. 251-264.

Ritt, Nikolaus. 2012. "Distinguishing native and non-native languages on historical grounds". In: Agnihotri, Rama Kan and Rajendra Singh (eds.) Indian English: towards a new paradigm. London: Palgrave.

Ritt, Nikolaus. 2012. "How to weaken one’s consonants, strengthen one’s vowels and remain English at the same time". In: Bermúdez-Otero, Ricardo, Denison, David, McCully, Christopher and Emma Moore (eds.). Analysing Older English. Cambridge: University Press.

Ritt, Nikolaus. 2012. "Evolutionary theories of language: theories and methods". In: Kortmann, Bernd and Johannes Kabatek (eds.). Linguistic theory and methodology. (WSK-Dictionaries of Language and Communication Science). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Ritt, Nikolaus. 2012. "Middle English: Phonology". In: Bergs, Alexander and Laurel Brinton (eds.). Historical linguistics of English: An international handbook (Handbooks of Linguistics and Communication Science). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Ritt, Nikolaus. 2012. "Middle English phonology in the digital age: what written corpora can tell us about sound change". In: Nevallainen, Terttu and Elizabeth C. Traugott (eds.). The Oxford Handbook of the History of English. Oxford: University Press.

Sommerer, Lotte. accepted. Article emergence in Old English: a constructional perspective. [Topics in English Linguistics Series]. Berlin: Muton de Gryuter.

Sommerer, Lotte. forthcoming. "The influence of constructions in grammaticalization: revisiting category emergence and the development of the definite article in English". In Barddal et al. (eds.). Diachronic Construction Grammar. [CAL]. Benjamins.

Sommerer, Lotte. 2012. "Investigating article development in Old English: about categorization, gradualness and constructions". Folia Linguistica Historica, 33, p. 175-213.

Sommerer, Lotte. 2012. "Analogical Transfer in Old English Syntax. Article emergence caused by pattern recognition and transfer". In Schendl, Markus, Coelsch-Foisner (eds.). Transfer in English Studies. [Volume 100 of the Austrian Studies in English]. Vienna: Braumüller, p. 259-285.

Zehentner, Eva. forthcoming. "Invad-ing -and: The co-evolution of present participle and verbal noun in Middle Scots". VIEWS (Vienna English Working Papers) 21.



Pawlowitsch, Christina, Mertikopoulos, Panayotis and Nikolaus Ritt. 2011. "Neutral stability, drift, and the diversification of languages". Journal of Theoretical Biology 287. 1-12.



Ritt, Nikolaus. 2010. "Memes and Language". In: Hogan, Patrick Colm (ed.). Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language Sciences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ritt, Nikolaus. 2010. "Middle English (mor-)phonotactics: system, usage, change". SELIM: Journal of the Spanish society of medieval English language and literature 17. 51-78.

Ritt, Nikolaus; Lutzky, Ursula; Illés, Theresa-Susanna; Kaźmierski, Kamil; Sommerer, Lotte. 2010 "Historical linguistics in modern English Studies curricula: the Viennese approach". Lutzky, Ursula; Illés, Theresa-Susanna; Kaźmierski, Kamil; Sommerer, Lotte (eds.): Historical linguistics in the modern philologies. (= Vienna English Working Papers 19/4). 52-66.

Lutzky, Ursula; Illés, Theresa-Susanna; Kaźmierski, Kamil; Sommerer, Lotte (eds.). 2010. Historical linguistics in the modern philologies. (= Vienna English Working Papers 19/4).


Illés, Theresa-Susanna. 2009. "Modern Irish nominal declension: standard and application". Die Sprache 48 (Special issue, Festschrift Prof. Heiner Eichner): 71-9.

Kaźmierski, Kamil. 2009. "On the role of perception in the acquisition of the peach – pitch contrast by Polish learners of English." Views 18(2), 24-41. Available online here.

Lutzky, Ursula. 2009. "Discourse markers in Early Modern English. The case of marry, well and why". PhD Thesis, Vienna University.


Lutzky, Ursula. 2008. "The discourse marker marry - a sociopragmatic analysis". Views 18(2), 3-21. Available online here.

Sommerer, Lotte. 2008. "Noun phrase typology and the emergence of the definite article: analogy, accomodation and frequency effects". Views 17(1), 63-90. Available online here.


Ritt, Nikolaus. 2007. "Meaning in a material world or How to find out what linguists think about meaning." In: Fabiszak, Małgorzata (ed.). Language and Meaning. Frankfurt/Main: Lang, 235-269.

Ritt, Nikolaus. 2007. "It seemed like a good idea at the time: why there may not have been any early Modern English shortening before dentals after all." In: Smit, U. et al. (eds.) Tracing English through time. Explorations in language variation. Vienna: Braumüller, 315-331.

Smit, Ute; Dollinger, Stefan; Hüttner, Julia; Kaltenböck, Gunther; Lutzky, Ursula. (eds.) 2007. Tracing English through time. Explorations in language variation. Wien: Braumüller.


Dalton-Puffer, Christiane; Kastovsky, Dieter; Schnedl, Herbert; Ritt, Nikolaus (eds.) 2006. Syntax, style and grammatical norms. (Linguistic insights 13). Frankfurt: Lang. 

Illés, Theresa-Susanna. 2006. "English words in Irish texts: a view on cooking recipes". Views 15(2), 16-35. Available online here.

Lutzky, Ursula. 2006. "Discourse markers? Well, ... Delimiting the basic features of discourse markers". Views 15(1), 3-24. Available online here.

Sommerer, Lotte. 2006. "Language Acquisition revisited - a network based approach to two-word stage syntax". Views 15(1), 25-57. Available online here.

Ritt, Nikolaus; Schendl, Herbert; Dalton-Puffer, Christiane; Kastovsky, Dieter (eds.) 2006. Medieval English and its heritage: structure, meaning and mechanisms of change. (Studies in English medieval language and literature 16).  Frankfurt: Lang.


Lutzky, Ursula. 2004. "Negative prefixes in Middle English: a corpus-based study of dis-, in-, mis-, & un-". Views 13(2), 24-51. Available online here.

Ritt, Nikolaus. 2004. Selfish sounds. A Darwinian approach to language change. Cambridge: University Press.

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Department of English
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